Roads in Paris were gridlocked as residents attempted to leave the city whilst bars and restaurants were full of punters enjoying a final night out before shutdown. Others attempted to stock-up at the shops before new restrictions are placed on non-essential products.
Under the new rules all bars and restaurants will be required to close until at least December 1, when the lockdown is due to end.
People will need to carry documents when leaving the home explaining why they are doing so.
These can be checked by police with fines of 135 euros (£122) for those who don’t have a valid reason.
Accepted reasons include to buy essential supplies, travel to work if it can’t be done from home and to exercise for up to one hour per day.
However, on their daily exercise people are not allowed to travel more than one kilometre (0.6 miles) from their dwellings.
Unlike during the first lockdown schools will remain open across the country.
On Thursday France reported another 47,637 coronavirus infections 235 fatalities.
This takes the total French death toll since the outbreak began to 36,000.
Dr Hans Kluge, the WHO’s European regional director, warned in Europe “hospitalisations have risen to levels unseen since the spring”.
He added Europe is “at the epicenter of this pandemic once again”.
A second coronavirus lockdown is also being imposed on Germany, though non-essential shops and schools will be allowed to stay open.
Under the rules all restaurants, bars and gyms are required to close until the end of the month at the earliest.
Public meetings of more than two households have also been banned.
Addressing the German Parliament Angela Merkel said society must adapt to defeat the virus.
She commented: “If the virus could think, it would think ‘I’ve got the perfect host here.
“These people live all over the planet. They are globally networked and are social creatures, they can’t live without social contacts.
“They have a hedonistic inclination, they like to party, it couldn’t be any better.’”
Instead Ms Merkel said humans must prove to the virus that “you have chosen the wrong host”.