French residents will only be allowed out of their homes for essential work or medical reasons. They must fill in a form before they set out to show to police if they are stopped. Schools and factories will remain open, however.
President Emmanuel Macron said the country risked being “overwhelmed by a second wave that no doubt will be harder than the first”.
Covid deaths are at the highest level since April, with 36,437 new daily cases and 244 deaths confirmed yesterday.
In Germany a “soft lockdown” is being introduced from next week. It means the closure of restaurants, bars, gyms and theatres, Chancellor Angela Merkel said.
She added: “Winter will be hard – four long, hard months.”
Latest daily data showed a record 16,774 infections and 89 deaths.
Italy’s restrictions which will be in place for a month. Other nations, including the Czech Republic, Spain, Italy and Belgium are also ushering in new rules.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen warned yesterday: “We are deep in the second wave. I think that this year’s Christmas will be a different Christmas.”